While there is a will to reduce CO2 emissions in Europe, industry and environmentalists are lobbying for more investment in infrastructure to make it possible.
European automaker body ACEA has called for the latest Euro-emissions standards to be delayed for six months due to COVID; a European coalition explores new energy source development and China looks to tighten post-COVID emissions regs.
The drive to reduce emissions is highlighted in regulation, testing and research.
Chemical technology is helping to create new bio-lubes, while majors are collaborating with non-lube giants to recycle chemicals and plastics.
UK new car sales have fallen during 2019, but Q3 used vehicle sales are up after nine month decline.
The oil majors delivered disappointing short-term news to thier shareholders after earning and profits were hit across the board as a result of lower oil prices and increased costs.
Analysis of the last 25 years' of global lubricants demand shows a relatively flat market - with a tip towards China and India, but energy demand is set to soar from now until 2050.
Verification of Lubricant Specifications (VLS) has referred Impetus Automotive Ltd, trading as Toyota First, to UK Trading Standards for allegedly making false claims about its synthetic engine oil.
VW no longer excluded from US public sector contracts, but is among other automakers that may not be ready for Euro WLTP regs.
EV charging technology and infrastructure is growing rapidly around the world, while battery production expands.